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How we’re protecting whales and dolphins across borders

How we’re protecting whales and dolphins across borders

It’s all very well individual nations putting their own conservation plans into action, but what...
How we’re tackling whaling in Norway

How we’re tackling whaling in Norway

We’re helping to spearhead a campaign – supported by an international coalition of almost 40...
Cutting it with citizen science – following a whale from the Caribbean to the Arctic via Scotland

Cutting it with citizen science – following a whale from the Caribbean to the Arctic via Scotland

Steve Truluck is a whale watching guide and skipper for Hebridean Whale Cruises, Gairloch, Scotland....
Conservation in action – working on an international stage to protect whales and dolphins

Conservation in action – working on an international stage to protect whales and dolphins

Unlike us humans, whales, dolphins and porpoises don’t entertain the concept of borders. For them...
Hope springs eternal for an end to whaling in Iceland

Hope springs eternal for an end to whaling in Iceland

As January morphs into February, my pleasure at the prospect of lengthening days and the...
The pingers and the porpoise – preventing deaths in fishing nets in Cornwall

The pingers and the porpoise – preventing deaths in fishing nets in Cornwall

When a porpoise or dolphin swims into a fishing net, rope or line, they can...
Putting whale and dolphin welfare on the agenda

Putting whale and dolphin welfare on the agenda

Every whale and dolphin is important. You know that, but in the past, conservationists have...
Christmas…how to get it wrapped without plastic

Christmas…how to get it wrapped without plastic

It’s that time of year again when there’s only one thing on most people’s minds...

How we’re protecting whales and dolphins across borders

It’s all very well individual nations putting their own conservation plans into action, but what about species, like whales, dolphins and porpoises, that don’t just stay in one country – how do we protect them? Last week I told you that I was at a meeting of the Convention on Conservation of Migratory Species (or CMS) where representatives from 130 countries were discussing and making decisions about the conservation of species that travel across national borders.

Pod of orcas in Far East Russia
A group of orcas off the coast of Kamchatka, Far East Russia. Photo © FEROP

Well what a week (or more accurately 10 days) it was! Held in Gandhinagar in the north-western state of Gujarat, India, home to Gandhi himself, his quote, ‘the greatness of a nation can be judged by the way its animals are treated’ certainly rang true.

I went to this meeting with a long list of things that I wanted to achieve, some of which I blogged about last week, and I’m delighted to say that bar one setback – governments weren’t keen on our suggestion that when it came to reducing whale and dolphin deaths in fishing gear (or ‘bycatch’), they consider seasonal closures and alternative methods –  I managed to do just that.

You may be aware that the live capture of dolphins and small whales for the captivity industry is a real conservation concern. These captures often target small populations which are made up of highly socially complex individuals so it’s not just about the sustainability of numbers. What if the individual taken away is the matriarch who passes on her cultural knowledge, or a mother who leaves behind a dependent calf? Removing even just a few individuals can have a real conservation and welfare impact. There was resounding support for such captures to be a thing of the past and even the country that earlier in 2019 had issued a permit for the capture of up to 25 bottlenose dolphins in its waters, saw the error of its ways and agreed not to allow such captures in the future.

A group of Atlantic humpback dolphins
A group of Atlantic humpback dolphins

The plight of the Atlantic humpback dolphin was (and still is) a major concern given that it is hurtling towards extinction as a direct result of bycatch and hunting. Only small isolated populations remain. I presented to delegates, pleading the case for more work to be undertaken to halt the rapid decline of this vulnerable species. Additionally, working with some of countries within whose waters these dolphins either live or used to live, we were able to elevate the crisis from a medium to high priority. This means that hopefully funding will be found to help instigate some of the conservation measures that have been identified.

I presented to delegates on the plight of the Atlantic humpback dolphin (I'm in the middle)
I presented to delegates on the plight of the Atlantic humpback dolphin (I'm in the middle)

And finally, closer to home once more, we were delighted to have wide support for our proposal to help protect the critically endangered Baltic and endangered Iberian populations of harbour porpoises. So now the work to save them begins, and only days after returning from India, we’ve already started the work we’ve identified as crucial to their survival.

Iberian and Baltic harbour porpoises face extinction without urgent action
Iberian and Baltic harbour porpoises face extinction without urgent action

I would be lying if I said that the entire meeting was a success. There were some very sobering statistics to absorb. For example, three out of four species that have already been identified as needing protection by CMS continue to be hunted or captured and 70% of them are still declining in numbers, despite best efforts – or perhaps they’re not ‘best’ efforts after all? And although steps were taken to protect and conserve a variety of migratory species and agreements were made on several issues (such as identifying which areas of ocean need protecting, the importance of considering whale and dolphin culture when making conservation decisions and addressing underwater noise) there’s still a lot of work to do! It’s clear that many of the species we share the planet with are seriously compromised and words now need to be turned into action.

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CMS 2020 WDC Nicola Hodgins
Nicola Hodgins

About Nicola Hodgins

Policy Manager at WDC

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