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Whales are our climate allies – meet the scientists busy proving it

At Whale and Dolphin Conservation, we're working hard to bring whales and the ocean into...
Humpback whale underwater

Climate giants – how whales can help save the world

We know that whales, dolphins and porpoises are amazing beings with complex social and family...
Black Sea common dolphins © Elena Gladilina

The dolphin and porpoise casualties of the war in Ukraine

Rare, threatened subspecies of dolphins and porpoises live in the Black Sea along Ukraine's coast....
WDC's Ed Fox, Chris Butler-Stroud and Carla Boreham take a message from the ocean to parliament

Taking a message from the ocean to parliament

It's a sad fact that whales and dolphins don't vote in human elections, but I...
Minke whale © Ursula Tscherter - ORES

The whale trappers are back with their cruel experiment

Anyone walking past my window might have heard my groan of disbelief at the news...
Boto © Fernando Trujillo

Meet the legendary pink river dolphins

Botos don't look or live like other dolphins. Flamingo-pink all over with super-skinny snouts and...
Tokitae in captivity

Talking to TUI – will they stop supporting whale and dolphin captivity?

Last Thursday I travelled to Berlin for a long-anticipated meeting with TUI senior executives. I...

Earth Day Q&A with Waipapa Bay Wines’ marketing director, Fran Draper

We've been partnered with Waipapa Bay Wines since 2019 so for this year's Earth Day,...

The little porpoise making big waves

No matter what your opinion on ex-situ conservation is (and they can be varying), there is no doubt that the project to “save” the critically endangered Yangtze finless porpoise from extinction is reaping some early rewards. 

This little porpoise is restricted to the middle and lower reaches of China’s Yangtze River (including two adjoining lakes) but as a result of habitat degradation on an unprecedented scale, an increase in river traffic and fishing effort – resulting in fatal collisions and entanglement in fishing gear – the “natural” population of this sub-species has declined dramatically over the past few decades. With only an estimated 1,000 individuals left of the world’s only freshwater porpoise, if they are to be protected for future generations then the time to do something is now.

Back in the 1990’s, the Chinese Government declared the Tian-E-Zhou Oxbow (an old natural channel now cut off from the Yangtze River proper) a natural ex-situ protection site for the porpoise and moves were made to capture and relocate several individuals to the site. Over the years a few more individuals have been captured and relocated and a recent census completed in November 2015 showed that the population had also increased naturally over the past 5 years by approximately 108% – going from 25 animals in 2010 to 60 in 2015.

The idea was/is to use these individuals as a “seed population” which they aim to reintroduce back into the Yangtze River (their natural habitat) when conditions have improved. This all sounds impressive and very promising for this critically endangered little porpoise however … the main problems with this plan are twofold. 

What happens when the “reserve” reaches capacity? it is thought that this particular site can only hold 80 – 100 individuals (based purely on prey availability) so it’s almost full already but with a second site already identified where another 120 individuals can flourish …. will they just keep finding new sites? Or will they give up after a few sites are full and be happy that they’ve “saved” the sub-species? If so, what happens to all the newborns? If the population growth over the past few years is anything to go by then these little guys will keep on reproducing (and obviously dying but perhaps not at the same rate as they’re being born now that the threats have been removed) … so what happens when this, and the next site is full? 

Additionally, and possibly most importantly (as this is the underlying premise of this idea in the first place) will they ever clean up the Yangtze River sufficiently enough to release these individuals back to the wild? Or are these select few individuals doomed to live a life in a semi-natural environment whilst being a sorry reminder of one of the sub-species that “used” to roam our planet? Will they just become another tourist attraction where they have to be fed fish to keep them alive?

Cleaning up and restoring their natural habitat is the only way to truly save the sub-species but sadly … at this juncture … any small steps towards ensuring yet another species (or sub-species) of cetacean doesn’t go extinct at the hands of mankind can surely only be a good thing? Or can it? 

About Nicola Hodgins

Policy Manager at WDC